Have you ever wondered just how much technology played a role in your favorite movies and TV shows? There isn't much that these VFX wizards can’t do...
It's a no-brainer that the highest-grossing film of all time had an incredible CGI budget. The main reason why Avengers: Endgame relied on CGI more heavily than other Marvel movies was due to time constraints. By the time principal photography began, many of the characters' signature costumes were incomplete, meaning that they had to be finished digitally in post-production.
"Because they filmed everything back-to-back with Infinity War, it was shot quite a long time ago and at that point, they didn't really know what they would be wearing," said visual effects supervisor Stuart Penn. "It was pretty much... they just shot it and then decided later on, much later on, what they were going to be wearing. It wasn't until quite a way into post that the actual design was formalized."
CGI did not exist at the time that George Lucas's Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back was in production. Industrial Light & Magic (ILM)—the same company that brought The Irishman to life decades later—invented a new animation technique, using detailed miniature models filmed at close range rather than building props on a life-sized scale.